1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created by Charles C. Mann

By Charles C. Mann

A deeply attractive new historical past of the way ecu settlements within the post-Colombian Americas formed the realm, from the bestselling writer of 1491. proposing the most recent learn through biologists, anthropologists, archaeologists, and historians, Mann exhibits how the post-Columbian community of ecological and fiscal alternate fostered the increase of Europe, devastated imperial China, convulsed Africa, and for 2 centuries made Mexico City—where Asia, Europe, and the recent frontier of the Americas dynamically interacted—the middle of the realm. during this background, Mann uncovers the germ of today's fiercest political disputes, from immigration to exchange coverage to tradition wars. In 1493, Mann has back given readers an eye-opening clinical interpretation of our previous, unequaled in its authority and fascination.

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Extra resources for 1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created

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Pope John Paul II reneged on his promise to celebrate a Mass at the opening, though he did appear nearby a day before. ” Residents of the walled-o slums around the monument told reporters that they thought Colón deserved no commemoration at all. A thesis of this book is that their belief, no matter how understandable, is mistaken. The Columbian Exchange had such farreaching e ects that some biologists now say that Colón’s voyages marked the beginning of a new biological era: the Homogenocene. The term refers to homogenizing: mixing unlike substances to create a uniform blend.

High above the clouds, the sulfur dioxide mixes with water vapor to form minute droplets of sulfuric acid—shiny motes in the sky—that re ect some of the sun’s light into space. This phenomenon existed in 1642; a massive eruption in the southern Philippines the year before is now thought to have cooled the earth for as long as three years. Both hypotheses have drawn sharp criticism, though. Many scientists believe that the impact of the Maunder Minimum was too small to account for the Little Ice Age.

His life was dominated by overweening personal ambition and, arguably more important, profound religious faith. Colón’s father, a weaver, seems to have scrambled from debt to debt, which his son apparently viewed with shame; he actively concealed his origins and spent his entire adult life striving to found a dynasty that would be ennobled by the monarchy. His faith, always ardent, deepened during the long years in which he was vainly begging rulers in Portugal and Spain to back his voyage west.

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