By Matthew Anderson
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Additional info for A History of Fair Trade in Contemporary Britain: From Civil Society Campaigns to Corporate Compliance
97 They would then be overlooked by buyers, even alternative buyers. This potentially would lead to an awkward position where Oxfam would be a leading supporter of the Fairtrade Mark but not using it. 100 Oxfam had been making regular grant contributions to the Fair Trade Mark steering committee (later renamed the Fairtrade Foundation) from 1990/91 but there were still some doubts within Oxfam about the direction of its Fair Trade programme. Internal discussions at Oxfam focused on the possible tensions between backing a scheme that offered the scale and impact of mainstream markets and their role in capacity-building working with marginalised producer communities in Africa.
29 This assessment, often overlooked in academic literature, offers an insight into both the internal challenges faced by Oxfam in balancing trading and fundraising, and the wider public challenge of engaging consumers and charity supporters. The import programme run by HbS focused mainly on handcrafts that utilized low-level technology and could provide employment for large numbers of people. ’31 But beyond the immediate benefits of providing employment, there was only limited consideration of the wider impacts of the business.
146 This chapter explores the tensions that existed within the Co-operative movement over how to conduct its international trading. From the late nineteenth century, the consumer co-operative members of the International Co-operative Alliance (ICA), such as the British movement, expressed a desire to realise the ideals of international co-operation. However, when it came to a choice between demonstrating solidarity with producer co-operatives from the South and maintaining the consumer dividend, invariably it was the producer co-operatives that lost out.