By Peter Burleigh, Paul Skandera
It is a absolutely built-in direction e-book geared toward universi-ty scholars of English within the German-speaking sector. It offers a staged and obviously constructed introducti directly to the idea of pronunciati on mixed with a wealth of transcripti on workouts and an accompanying CD. The publication calls for no previous wisdom of linguisti cs. From the outset, it explains key techniques in easy-to-understand language, highlights keyword phrases within the textual content for simple re-view, and provides translati ons of a number of the phrases into German. Additi onally, a thesaurus offers scholars with a convenient fast reference. The transcripti on workouts gui-de scholars from exploratory projects to uncomplicated transcripti directly to the extra challenging transcripti on of average discussion, and all workouts are provided with annotated soluti ons. The ebook is thoroughly divided into classes and routines which might be controlled in 12 two-hour sessions, leaving adequate ti me for evaluate and examinati on in a college time period of 14 weeks or more.
"a good established and easy-to-follow introducti directly to the fundamentals of the speculation of pronunciati on, observed by way of a gently designed set of practi cal routines and a step by step transcripti on course"
(Snezhina Dimitrova, Linguist checklist)
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Additional info for A Manual of English Phonetics and Phonology: Twelve Lessons with an Integrated Course in Phonetic Transcription (Narr Studienbucher)
A mid-close front-central vowel. (2) The first sound in egg, represented by / e / . The front of the tongue is raised b e t w e e n mid-close and mid-open position, and the lips are slightly spread. A mid f r o n t vowel. (3) The first sound in apple, represented by /se/. T h e front of the tongue is raised b e tween mid-open and fully open position, and the lips are slightly spread. A m i d open-open front vowel. (4) The second sound in butter, represented by / A / . The centre of the tongue is raised between mid-open and fully open position, and the shape of the lips is neutral.
If it is t h e front of the tongue (in which case the b o d y of the tongue is pushed forward), as in t h e last sound in bee, we speak of a front vowel \Vor der zungenvokal]. If the back of t h e tongue is raised highest (in which case the b o d y of the tongue is pulled back), as in t h e middle sound in goose, the resultant sound is a back vowel [Hinterzungenvokal]. Between these extremes, we recognise one intermediate position: If the centre of t h e tongue is raised highest, as in the second sound of the word bird, we speak of a c e n t r a l vowel [Mittelzungenvokal].
5 The shortening of vowels, nasals, and the lateral To round off this lesson on vowels, we should point out briefly that the duration of a vowel, and also that of a nasal and the lateral, is usually shortened when followed b y a fortis plosive, affricate, or fricative (except Ihl) - in other words, when followed b y / p t, k, tj, f, 9 , s/ or l\l - at the end of a syllable. This is most noticeable if the s h o r t e n e d sound is a long vowel or a diphthong. tl, and nose /nouz/ and note /nsut/, and also within t h e pairs bumble /bAmbl/ and bump /bAmp/, and bells /belz/ and belt /belt/.