Access to History. British Foreign Affairs: Saving Europe at by Alan Farmer

By Alan Farmer

The fourth version of this bestselling name charts the process British overseas coverage from the top of the 1st global struggle and the Treaty of Versailles, to the social and fiscal results of the second one global conflict. there's a specific concentration and research of the difficulty of appeasement in the course of the interval, particularly within the run-up to the second one global warfare. Public opinion and the position of key contributors is explored all through and the narrative concludes with an interpretation of the explanations of and purposes for British overseas guidelines around the period.

Throughout the publication, key dates, phrases and matters are highlighted, and ancient interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are integrated to consolidate wisdom and knowing of the interval, and exam-style questions and suggestions written through examiners give you the chance to enhance examination skills.

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Extra info for Access to History. British Foreign Affairs: Saving Europe at a cost? 1919-1960

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This chapter will examine why British governments acted as they did, by focusing on the following themes: • • • • • • • • • • Depression and disarmament The problem of Japan 1931–3 The problem of Germany 1933–5 The problem of Italy 1935–6 The Rhineland, Spain and rearmament Chamberlain’s aims in foreign policy Chamberlain’s concerns 1937–8 The Anschluss The problem of Czechoslovakia The Munich Conference Key dates 1931 August National Government formed in Britain September Japanese troops began military operations in Manchuria 1932 February Import Duties Act October Lord Lytton’s Commission reported on the Manchuria situation 1933 January Hitler became German Chancellor October Germany left the Disarmament Conference and the League of Nations 1935 March Hitler announced German rearmament June Anglo-German Naval Agreement October Italy invaded Abyssinia November Baldwin’s National Government won the general election 1936 March German troops reoccupied the Rhineland 50 | British Foreign Affairs: Saving Europe at a Cost?

By the Covenant of the League, member states agreed to a number of (somewhat vague) Articles. Perhaps the most important was Article 16 which stated that if any member of the League resorted to war, the other states should impose economic sanctions and, if necessary, take appropriate military action. Key term The Illusion of Peace 1919–31 | 41 League of Nations Union A British organisation set up to support the League. that the League was an institution which could solve all international problems peacefully.

Germany’s western frontiers with France and Belgium were accepted as final and were guaranteed by Britain and Italy. • Stresemann, while not agreeing to Germany’s eastern boundaries, accepted that the frontiers should not be altered by force. The results of Locarno At the time, the Locarno Pact was seen as a diplomatic triumph and a great landmark. Austen Chamberlain regarded it as ‘the real dividing line between the years of war and the years of peace’. It seemed that Germany had been readmitted to the community of nations and that France and Germany had been reconciled.

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