Adolescent Socialization in Cross-Cultural Perspective. by Irving Tallman

By Irving Tallman

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2 Socialization, Problem Solving, and Social Structure This investigation focuses on a specific type of socialization process and outcome. The process takes place between parents and their adolescent children as they engage in joint problem-solving activities. The outcome is the ability of the children to solve problems pertaining to obtaining career goals under changing social conditions. A basic assumption guiding the study is that the content, form, and quality of the socialization process and its outcome are largely affected by the social structural conditions in the communities where families live.

Thus, the death of a family member in our usage is not a problem, whereas the social and emotional reorganization of the family subsequent to the death is a problem. 6 By goal is meant any desired or desirable anticipated outcome resulting from group or individual activity. Barriers is defined as those sets of personal, social, or material conditions that impede the group or individual from attaining the goal. Means signifies any set of material resources, verbal or motor skills, and cognitive competencies that, when appropriately utilized, enable people to attain their goals.

Some of this learning is the result of direct tuition. A father tells his children in many ways, "You are a member of the Cruz family. We have a proud tradition in this village. " Most of the time, however, such learning takes place through observation and vicarious experience. A peasant boy observes the deference his father pays to a potential employer, or someone with political influence. He also observes how such people treat his father, their virtual disregard of his presence and lack of concern for his opinions or well-being.

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