By Faith Njeri Nguthi
Utilizing tissue-cultured expertise is a probably very important means for smallholder banana farmers to enhance their yields and source of revenue. within the state of affairs of the impoverishing results of excessive HIV/AIDS-prevalence in a rural banana-farming neighborhood, this is applicable much more. The examine documented during this booklet examines the stability among required inputs and capability merits of utilising the tissue-cultured know-how between HIV/AIDS-affected and non-affected families in Maragua district, critical Kenya, utilizing a livelihood process. the implications convey that adoption of the expertise and its persevered use differs in line with the assets endowment of the farming families. loss of monetary and actual capital, particularly a water tank, inhibits adoption, without reference to HIV/AIDS-status.However, families headed via aged women dominate one of the negative families and the HIV/AIDS-affected families. This illustrates how HIV/AIDS interfaces with poverty and, thereby, in a roundabout way with the feasibility of sustainable expertise adoption. The examine additionally exhibits that livelihood judgements and methods of farming families are prompted through land tenure prestige (having name deeds or now not) and labour constraints on the family point. The latter come up by reason of HIV/AIDS-related morbidity and mortality
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Additional info for Adoption Of Agricultural Innovations By Smallholder Farmers In The Context Of HIV/AIDS: The Case of Tissue-Cultured Banana in Kenya
Kenya has diverse physical features, which are divided into four distinct regions: the coastal belt, the low lying arid and semi-arid plateau, the highlands and the lake basin around Lake Victoria. The country is bisected by the Great Rift Valley. Kenya has the second highest snow-capped mountain (Mt. Kenya) in Africa after Mt. Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, rising to a height of 5,199 meters. Kenya exhibits a wide range of climatic conditions. Except for the Coastal and Lake Victoria regions, altitude is the main determinant of rainfall with variations induced by topography.
In Kenya, women supply 70-75 percent of agricultural labour and their contribution has been referred to as the backbone of the household production (Spring, 2000). While women are the main food producers, they lack access to and control over the means of production such as secure land tenure, information, credit and control of labour. When looking at gender-linked differences in accessing productive factors it must be acknowledged that gender roles and responsibilities are dynamic and change with new circumstances.
At the household level, kinship networks, friends, neighbours and the community are important social assets. According to Putnam (1993) when people engage in networks and forms of organisations, they develop a framework of common values and beliefs that can become a moral resource or the ‘glue that binds a community together’ (Rankin, Adoption of agricultural innovations by smallholder farmers 33 Chapter 2 2002:3). Networks can be both formal and informal and the latter are especially common for rural women improving household livelihoods.