Agricultural Land Redistribution: Toward Greater Consensus by Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize, Camille Bourguignon, Rogier J. E.

By Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize, Camille Bourguignon, Rogier J. E. van den Brink

Regardless of 250 years of land reform around the globe, very important land inequalities stay, specifically in Latin the US and southern Africa. whereas in those areas, there's close to consensus at the desire for redistribution, a lot controversy persists round tips on how to redistribute land peacefully and legally, frequently blockading development on implementation. This e-book makes a speciality of the 'how' of land redistribution so that it will forge better consensus between land reform practitioners and allow them to make higher offerings at the mechanisms of land reform.

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Additional info for Agricultural Land Redistribution: Toward Greater Consensus (Agriculture and Rural Development Series)

Sample text

Arvin and Dinuba, California, were selected because they were alike in virtually all basic economic factors except farm size. Although the total volume of agricultural production was INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY 9 about the same, the “small family farm” community (Dinuba) supported about 20 percent more people at significantly higher living standards, had twice as many businesses doing 61 percent more retail business, and boasted a substantially higher level of public infrastructure than did the “large corporate farm” town (Arvin).

South Africa currently is revising its expropriation law to give effect to the constitutional provision that allows land to be expropriated below market value by deducting the value of subsidies received from the state by the landowner. ” 26 AGRICULTURAL LAND REDISTRIBUTION In practice, even where expropriation is feasible, as in Mexico, the Philippines, and many other settings, the state often prefers to negotiate a settlement rather than to use expropriation. It does this to reduce the delays and costs associated with expropriation.

Most of these programs are funded partly by the World Bank. 5 million hectares were transferred from willing sellers to willing buyers between 1980 and 1998. A significant amount of land also was redistributed in South Africa, where 2,299,000 hectares were transferred between 1994 and 2007. In Brazil, although about 85 percent of the agricultural land redistributed is expropriated, 1,822,400 hectares were transferred on a voluntary basis between 1997 and 2003. There is now enough evidence to show that the WSWB approach can be effective, but several issues have given rise to a lot of opposition to this approach: 1.

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