Algebraic Methods in Unstable Homotopy Theory by Joseph Neisendorfer

By Joseph Neisendorfer

The main smooth and thorough remedy of volatile homotopy thought to be had. the point of interest is on these equipment from algebraic topology that are wanted within the presentation of effects, confirmed by means of Cohen, Moore, and the writer, at the exponents of homotopy teams. the writer introduces numerous points of volatile homotopy idea, together with: homotopy teams with coefficients; localization and final touch; the Hopf invariants of Hilton, James, and Toda; Samelson items; homotopy Bockstein spectral sequences; graded Lie algebras; differential homological algebra; and the exponent theorems about the homotopy teams of spheres and Moore areas. This ebook is appropriate for a path in volatile homotopy thought, following a primary path in homotopy conception. it's also a priceless reference for either specialists and graduate scholars wishing to go into the sphere.

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C) if H if finitel generated free abelian, and G is finit abelian, G has odd order, and n ≥ 4. (d) if H and G are finit abelian, G has odd order, and n ≥ 4. Proof: The preceding proposition says that θ is always a surjection. Suppose that H = ⊕Hα and G = ⊕Gβ . Then [P n (H), P n (G)]∗ ∼ = ⊕[P n (Hα ), P n (Gβ )]∗ in all of the above cases since: (1) P n (H) = ∨P n (Hα ) implies [P n (H), P n (G)]∗ ∼ = ⊕[P n (Hα ), P n (G)]∗ and (2) P n (G) = ∨P n (Gβ ), dimension P n (Hα ) = n, and the fact that the pair ( P n (Gβ ), ∨P n (Gβ )) is 2n − 1 connected in cases (a) and (b), 2n − 3 connected in cases (c) and (d), implies [P n (Hα ), P n (G)]∗ ∼ = ⊕[P n (Hα ), P n (Gβ )]∗ Therefore it suffice to consider the cyclic cases: (a) [S n , S n ]∗ = Hom(Z, Z) = Z, n ≥ 2, which is a classical result true even for n = 1.

The map f is the inclusion, f (a) = (f (a), 0). 1. 5 The Bockstein long exact sequence 21 is homotopy equivalent to a strictly commutative diagram A → X1 ↓ ↓ Y1 → Z1 where all the maps are cofib ations and it embeds in a commutative diagram A → X1 → X1 /A ↓ ↓ ↓ Z1 → Z1 /Y1 Y1 → ↓ ↓ ↓ Y1 /A → Z1 /X1 → Z1 /X1 ∪A Y1 where all the rows and columns are cofib ation sequences. In addition, note that A → X1 ↓ ↓ Y1 → X1 ∪A Y1 is a pushout diagram and there is a cofib ation sequence X1 ∪A Y1 → Z1 → Z1 /X1 ∪A Y1 .

In this case, the module of generators of [L, L] is acylic with respect to the Bockstein differential and it is possible that the universal enveloping algebra U([L,L]) represents the homology of the loop space on a bouquet of Moore spaces. In fact, the isomorphisms of differential algebras H∗ (S 2m +1 {pr }; Z/pZ) ∼ = U ( u, v ),   H∗ (Ω  ∞ P 2m +2m j +1 (pr ) ; Z/pZ) ∼ = U ([L, L]), j =0 H∗ (ΩP 2m +2 (pr ); Z/pZ) ∼ = UL then lead to the above product decomposition for ΩP 2m +2 (pr ). There is no analogous product decomposition for ΩP 2m +1 (pr ).

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