By Teun Hoekstra
This e-book comprises 14 articles by way of Teun Hoekstra (1953-1998) on center matters in syntactic conception. a few articles concentrate on the constitution of DP, others at the constitution of the sentence as an entire, whereas others nonetheless deal explicitly with the parallels among the 2. The papers are allotted over 4 sections: "Argument structure", "T-chains", "The morphosyntax of verbal and nominal projections" and "Small clauses". greater than half the articles during this e-book are released right here for the 1st time or look for the 1st time in English. Hoekstra's paintings is characterised by means of a basic curiosity within the principal questions of syntactic thought, so much particularly the relation among argument constitution and X-bar constitution. This targeted curiosity resulted in a deep knowing of the inspiration of transitivity, with recognize to either the prestige of the exterior argument and that of the inner argument, the place "status" refers to either the content material and the licensing. during this choice of papers, Hoekstra stories on his insights in those concerns. so far as content material and licensing of the exterior argument is worried, this assortment includes papers at the relation among passives and their lively opposite numbers, the parallels among possessives and transitives and the diversities and similarities among earlier participles and infinitives. As to the inner argument, we discover papers addressing sentential complementation, verbal affixation and resultatives. and there's a entire part on demanding, and its position in retaining the sentence jointly. one of many papers during this assortment is Hoekstra's vintage, yet hitherto unpublished "Small clauses all over the place" (more than 70 pages), which summarizes Hoekstra's perspectives on such matters as resultatives, particle verbs and double item structures.
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Additional resources for Arguments and Structure: Studies on the Architecture of the Sentence
The IO gets the preposition aan ‘to’ also in nominalizations. The rule inserting van ‘of’ in front of the DO in nominalizations (cf. Jackendoff 1977b: 70) can be formulated most simply if we assume that the IO is a PP, so that only the DO is an NP. There is also a possibility, however, to have the IO preceded by van when the ‘real’ object is not mentioned: (34) a. ’ b. *het betalen van een hoog loon aan de arbeiders the paying of high wages to the workers c. het betalen van de arbeiders the paying of the workers These facts show that the argument for taking the IO to be a PP is none too strong.
I will 34 The indirect object: its status and place provide such an account as we go along. In section 5 the IO is related to causative constructions; here I closely follow Seuren (1973, 1975). It will be argued that certain simplifications and generalizations are made feasible by relating the IO in the constructions under consideration to a causative analysis with the help of lexical decomposition. I do not believe, however, that it is useful (although often usual) to take for granted that the more formal syntax found in EST (Extended Standard Theory) is incompatible with the more semantically slanted analysis admitted by lexical decomposition.
DPi F [ DPj …… In (33a) a verbal functional superstructure accommodates the syntactic transitivity, in (33b) a nominal superstructure does the same. 5. Possessors As mentioned above, Kayne (1993) argued that the oblique subjects, specifically the dative subject found in the Old Persian perfective, are case-licensed in the specifier of a determiner. He models his analysis on possessive constructions in Hungarian, which are very similar to those in Eskimo. The noun shows agreement with the possessor, which may occur with dative case in the specifier of the determiner, as in (34): 6 18 Possession and transitivity (34) a.