Canal Irrigation in British India: Perspectives on by Ian Stone

By Ian Stone

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Although one of many stated achievements of the British Raj was once the vast development of irrigation works, their results need to date been little studied by way of historians. during this e-book Dr Stone has undertaken the 1st full-scale learn of the qualitative and quantitative results on neighborhood economics of those irrigation schemes. Focusing upon the zone of western Uttar Pradesh within the 19th century, the writer examines intimately the reaction of the peasant economic climate to this significant and pervasive type of technological swap. particularly, he's serious about the influence on crop offerings, at the business enterprise and methods of creation, on safeguard from famine and at the ecological stability, on social and financial family, and on differential financial functionality. an essential component of his learn is his exam of the technical gains and management of the structures.

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2 . 113 60 Canal irrigationin British India service in the early days were required to learn how to make bricks by means of a simple trench kiln system, and how to manufacture lime from the kunkar deposits found in the plains. This lime, when mixed with white lime and brick dust, conveniently possessed sufficient tensile strength to meet most irrigation requirements. 115 While it continued to be usual for engineers to make small numbers of bricks as required, contractors did come forward to supply bricks for later works.

36. 98See Brown, 'Sir Proby Cautley', p. 81; and Brown, 'Memoir of Colonel Sir Proby Cautley' , p . 211 . 99Quoted in Dictionaryof NationalBiography(hereafter DNB), vol. m, p. 1243. 96 Developmentof the canal system 55 irrigation expansion. Certainly, from an engineering viewpoint, Cotton's views on the feasibility of dams across the sand beds of the Ganges River eventually were shown to be correct in principle by the success of the LGC and Agra Canal weirs at Narora and Okhla respectively, which were constructed 'generally in the manner proposed by Sir Arthur Cotton'.

4 7-8. 89 NWP PWD(I), Sept . 1867, 1, Cotton to Under-Sec . of State forlndia, 15Jan . 1867. 87 52 Canal irrigation in British India altogether opposed, both professionally and personally, to myself, and only one of the six could be an unbiased person' and concluded that it was the intention of the committee to 'smooth over' the 'sad failure of the Ganges Canal'. Following another lengthy letter on the subject, and on the general need to expand development of irrigation and navigation, directed to the Government of India in November 1867,90 the latter concluded that Cotton was trying to 'enlist public opinion against our views and acts'.

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