By K. Tanaka, S. Iijima
Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene is a well timed moment variation of the unique Science and expertise of Carbon Nanotubes. up-to-date to incorporate elevated insurance of the education, purification, structural characterization, and customary software components of unmarried- and multi-walled CNT buildings, this paintings compares, contrasts, and, the place acceptable, unitizes CNT to graphene. This much multiplied moment variation reference helps wisdom discovery, creation of impactful carbon study, encourages transition among examine fields, and aids the formation of emergent functions. New chapters surround fresh advancements within the theoretical remedies of digital and vibrational buildings, and magnetic, optical, and electric solid-state houses, supplying a necessary base to investigate. present and power purposes of either fabrics, together with the possibility for large-scale synthesis of graphene, organic buildings, and versatile electronics, also are significantly discussed.
- Updated dialogue of houses, constitution, and morphology of organic and versatile digital purposes aids primary wisdom discovery
- Innovative parallel specialise in nanotubes and graphene allows you to examine from the successes and screw ups of, respectively, mature and emergent companion study disciplines
- High-quality figures and tables on actual and mathematical purposes expertly summarize key info - crucial if you would like fast, severely appropriate data
Read or Download Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene, Second Edition PDF
Similar nonfiction_12 books
The heritage of organic keep an eye on of destructive organisms through mites is marked by way of amazing achievements with a couple of most desirable usual enemies. Early works targeting using predatory mites for the keep watch over of synanthropic flies, extra lately, the focal point has been totally on mites of the relations Phytoseiidae for the keep an eye on of plant feeding mites.
- Centrifugal pumps for petroleum, heavy duty chemical, and gas industry services
- Control of distributed parameter systems : proceedings of the second IFAC symposium, Coventry, Great Britain, 28 June-1 July 1977
- Computational and Statistical Group Theory: Ams Special Session Geometric Group Theory, April 21-22, 2001, Las Vegas, Nevada, Ams Special Session ... April 28-29, 2001
- Overcoming Stress
Extra resources for Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene, Second Edition
For SLG growth, a bulk Cu foil is commonly used as a catalyst substrate. First, in the heating step, the substrate temperature is ramped up to 1000 °C to facilitate the dissociation of the hydrocarbon precursor, such as methane (CH4). In the subsequent annealing step, the substrate removes a native oxide on the surface and develops larger grain sizes and sometimes smoother surfaces at the elevated temperature. Hydrocarbon gas is introduced into the chamber in the growth step, giving rise to the formation of graphene on the substrate surface.
For example, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are mostly synthesized by CVD using nickel (Ni), cobalt (Co) or iron (Fe) nanoparticles [3,4]. By adjusting the process parameters, such as the size of the metal nanoparticles, CNTs with controlled height, diameter and number of walls can be prepared for large area growth. Based on these historical approaches, it can be understood why the synthesis of a new form Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene. 00004-8 Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved 39 40 Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene of sp2-carbon nanomaterial, graphene, was also attempted, based on the CVD process using transition metal substrates, although the synthesis of single-layer graphite had already been realised earlier in the 1960s .
Particularly, the discovery of copper (Cu) with a negligible carbon solubility as a substrate material for graphene growth has been remarkable. Although monolayer to few-layer graphene (FLG) could be obtained by growth on a polycrystalline Ni thin film by an atmospheric pressure CVD (APCVD) process [6,7], Li et al. developed the process of single-layer graphene (SLG) growth over a bulk Cu foil by low-pressure CVD (LPCVD) . As the process becomes self-limiting under low pressure, uniform SLG layer could be synthesized on the substrate over a large area.