By Cindy Yik-yi Chu (auth.)
This e-book examines chinese language Communist actions in Hong Kong from the outbreak of the Sino-Japanese conflict in 1937 to the handover in 1997. It unearths a unusual a part of chinese language Communist heritage, and strains six many years of dazzling united entrance among the chinese language Communists and the Hong Kong tycoons and upper-class company elite.
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Additional info for Chinese Communists and Hong Kong Capitalists: 1937–1997
The Japanese invasion affected the activities of the Communists. 77 During the Japanese occupation, Hong Kong guerillas were active in resistance efforts. In February 1942, they became a subsidiary of the Guangdong People’s Anti-Japanese Guerilla Force [Guangdong renmin kang Ri youji zongdui]. 78 Their headquarters were in Saikung in the New Territories, and they recouped their strength along the Hong Kongmainland China border. Working among grassroots groups and villages, the Communist guerillas amassed support through self-protection teams, women’s groups, youth groups, and so forth.
2. ”7 However, toward the end of the Sino-Japanese War, the Communists modified their united front policy, shifting from the original anti-Japanese emphasis to an anti-Guomindang one. Van Slyke points out that the “CCP did so because it had found that [the united front] policy to be valuable. 9 The left wing comprised “the Communist-led masses”: the proletariat, peasants, and urban petty bourgeoisie. ”14 Some of them had joined the united front under pressure, and it was assumed that they would break away from it as soon as circumstances allowed.
Writers and Journalists From 1939 to 1941, leftist writers and journalists arrived in Hong Kong after escaping from Chinese cities that had been invaded by the Japanese army. 48 The Association had been founded in Hankou by leftist writers UNITED FRONT POLICY OF THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS 31 in 1938, to coordinate anti-Japanese resistance among literary and cultural circles in Chinese cities. The Hong Kong branch had the same objective—to facilitate local support for the war effort in mainland China.